The chapter starts with the story of the Buddha and then explains the Upanishads, Jainism, The Sangha, monasteries in detail. The exercise contains 8 questions and students can find the answers to all of them in the solutions.CBSE Notes Class 6 History Chapter 6 New Questions and Ideas

CBSE Notes Class 6 History Chapter 6 – New Questions and Ideas

Download NCERT Solutions Class 6 all subjects

Download Class 6 all subjects notes

  • The Sangha:

Both Mahavira and Buddha felt that only those who gave up worldly life and became monks could gain true knowledge. They set up organisations called Sanghas where these monks spent much of their time on religious studies and meditation.

  • Monasteries:

fain and Buddhist monks went from place to place, and therefore, the need for more permanent shelters was felt. As a result, monasteries were built, which were known as Viharas.

  • Four Ashramas:

In Upanishadic times, the life of an upper-caste man was divided into four stages called Ashramas. These were Brahmacharya, Grihastha, Vanaprastha and Sanyasa. Brahmin, Kshatriya and Vaishya men were expected to lead their lives according to them, but this was not followed rigidly.

  • Teachings of Mahavira:

Mahavira believed that a person’s position in life depends on the karma of his previous life. He preached ahimsa. He instructed his followers not to lie, steal or kill. His followers were known as ‘Jains’, who led simple lives and begged for food.

  • Buddha:

Gautama (Siddhartha), the founder of Buddhism, was born at Lumbini about 2500 years ago. During those days, certain changes took place in the society of the Mahajanapadas. Dissatisfied with such changes, many thinkers gave up worldly life, went to forests for meditation and Buddha sought the true meaning of life.

  • Buddha’s Enlightenment:

He left home at the age of 30 and attained enlightenment under a ‘peepal tree’ at Bodh Gaya in Bihar. Buddha delivered his first sermon at Sarnath. He preached in Prakrit, the language spoken by the common people.

  • Upanishads:

Various thinkers tried to find answers to difficult questions. These thinkers were of the view that there was the atman or the individual soul and the Brahmin or the universal soul. Upanishads give much importance to Brahmin, the universal soul.

  • Jainism:

Jainism was founded by Vardhamana Mahavira of the Vajji Gana-sangha. He left home at the age of 30 and went to live in the forest. For many years, he led a hard and lonely life but finally attained enlightenment.

Siddhartha (Gautama), who founded Buddhism, was born about 2500 years ago. He belonged to a ‘gana’ called the Sakya ‘gana’.

He left his home in search of knowledge. He meditated and got enlightened in Bodh Gaya in Bihar. He preached for the first time in Sarnath. He preached of sufferings and unhappiness in life. He taught in the language of the ordinary people, Prakrit.

Other thinkers also wanted to know about life after death and about sacrifices. Their ideas were recorded in the Upanishads, part of the later Vedic texts.

Gargi was a woman thinker. Satyakama Jabala was a slave thinker.

The founder of Jainism was Vardhamana Mahavira. He was in the Vajji ‘sangha’. He also led a life similar to that of Buddha. He said that those who wish to know the truth must leave their homes. He spoke of ‘ahimsa’. He taught in Prakrit

Jainas had to lead very simple lives, begging for food, being honest and men had to shed their clothes. The Jainism teachings were written for the first time about 1500 years ago.

The rules for the Buddhist ‘Sangha’ were written down in a book called the Vinaya Pitaka.

Monks of Buddhism and Jainism started living in monasteries known at ‘Viharas’. The earliest ‘Viharas’ were made of wood and then brick.

  • Ahimsa:

The Jain rule of ‘ahimsa’ means not hurting or killing living beings. According to Mahavira, each living being “longs to live”.

  • Atman:

The individual soul which remains permanent in the universe even after we die was called ‘atman’ by the thinkers.

  • Buddhism:

The religion founded by the Buddha (Gautama/Siddhartha) was Buddhism.

  • Jainism:

The religion founded by Vardhamana Mahavira is called Jainism.

  • Karma:

Our actions have been referred to by Buddha as ‘Karma’. Buddha said our ‘Karma’ – good or bad – affects us both in this life and the next life.

  • Tanha:

The desire for more things have been described by the Buddha as thirst or ‘tanha’.

  • Upanishads:

The Upanishads were part of the later Vedic texts. The word literally means ‘approaching and sitting near’.

  • Viharas: The monasteries where monks lived were called ‘Viharas’.
  • Around 2500 years ago (about 500 BC) – Upanishadic thinkers preached.
  • Around 2500 years ago (about 500 BC) – Mahavira and the Buddha preached.
  • Around 1500 years ago (about 500 AD) – the Jaina texts were written down.

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CBSE Notes for Class 6 Geography Free Download for All Chapters

Download PDF of NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Geography

Chapter NameCBSE Class 6 Geography Study NotesNCERT Solutions Download Class 6
The Earth in the Solar SystemThe Earth in the Solar System Class 6 Notes Geography Chapter 1NCERT Solutions The Earth in the Solar System Chapter 1
Globe: Latitudes and LongitudesGlobe: Latitudes and Longitudes Class 6 Notes Geography Chapter 2NCERT Solutions Globe: Latitudes and Longitudes Chapter 2
Motions of the EarthMotions of the Earth Class 6 Notes Geography Chapter 3NCERT Solutions Motions of the Earth Chapter 3
MapsMaps Class 6 Notes Geography Chapter 4NCERT Solutions Maps Chapter 4
Major Domains of the EarthMajor Domains of the Earth Class 6 Notes Geography Chapter 5NCERT Solutions Major Domains of the Earth Chapter 5
Major Landforms of the EarthMajor Landforms of the Earth Class 6 Notes Geography Chapter 6NCERT Solutions Major Landforms of the Earth Chapter 6
Our Country – IndiaOur Country – India Class 6 Notes Geography Chapter 7NCERT Solutions Our Country – India Chapter 7
India: Climate, Vegetation and WildlifeIndia: Climate, Vegetation and Wildlife Class 6 Notes Geography Chapter 8NCERT Solutions India: Climate, Vegetation and Wildlife Chapter 8

CBSE Notes for Class 6 History Free Download for All Chapters

Download PDF of NCERT Solutions for Class 6 History

Chapter NameCBSE Class 6 History Study NotesNCERT Solutions Download Class 6
What, Where, How And When?What, Where, How And When? Class 6 Notes History Chapter 1NCERT Solutions What, Where, How And When? Chapter 1
From Gathering To Growing FoodFrom Gathering To Growing Food Class 6 Notes History Chapter 2NCERT Solutions From Gathering To Growing Food Chapter 2
In The Earliest CitiesIn The Earliest Cities Class 6 Notes History Chapter 3NCERT Solutions In The Earliest Cities Chapter 3
What Books And Burials Tell UsWhat Books And Burials Tell Us Class 6 Notes History Chapter 4NCERT Solutions What Books And Burials Tell Us Chapter 4
Kingdoms, Kings And An Early RepublicKingdoms, Kings And An Early Republic Class 6 Notes History Chapter 5NCERT Solutions Kingdoms, Kings And An Early Republic Chapter 5
New Questions And IdeasNew Questions And Ideas Class 6 Notes History Chapter 6NCERT Solutions New Questions And Ideas Chapter 6
Ashoka, The Emperor Who Gave Up WarAshoka, The Emperor Who Gave Up War Class 6 Notes History Chapter 7NCERT Solutions Ashoka, The Emperor Who Gave Up War Chapter 7
Vital Villages, Thriving TownsVital Villages, Thriving Towns Class 6 Notes History Chapter 8NCERT Solutions Vital Villages, Thriving Towns Chapter 8
Traders, Kings And PilgrimsTraders, Kings And Pilgrims Class 6 Notes History Chapter 9NCERT Solutions Traders, Kings And Pilgrims Chapter 9
New Empires And KingdomsNew Empires And Kingdoms Class 6 Notes History Chapter 10NCERT Solutions New Empires And Kingdoms Chapter 10
Buildings, Paintings And BooksBuildings, Paintings And Books Class 6 Notes History Chapter 11NCERT Solutions Buildings, Paintings And Books Chapter 11
   

CBSE Notes for Class 6 Civics Free Download for All Chapters

Download PDF of NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Civics

Chapter NameCBSE Class 6 Civics Study NotesNCERT Solutions Download Class 6
Understanding DiversityUnderstanding Diversity Class 6 Notes Civics Chapter 1NCERT Solutions Understanding Diversity Chapter 1
Diversity and DiscriminationDiversity and Discrimination Class 6 Notes Civics Chapter 2NCERT Solutions Diversity and Discrimination Chapter 2
What is Government?What is Government? Class 6 Notes Civics Chapter 3NCERT Solutions What is Government? Chapter 3
Key Elements of a Democratic GovernmentKey Elements of a Democratic Government Class 6 Notes Civics Chapter 4NCERT Solutions Key Elements of a Democratic Government Chapter 4
Panchayati RajPanchayati Raj Class 6 Notes Civics Chapter 5NCERT Solutions Panchayati Raj Chapter 5
Rural AdministrationRural Administration Class 6 Notes Civics Chapter 6NCERT Solutions Rural Administration Chapter 6
Urban AdministrationUrban Administration Class 6 Notes Civics Chapter 7NCERT Solutions Urban Administration Chapter 7
Rural LivelihoodsRural Livelihoods Class 6 Notes Civics Chapter 8NCERT Solutions Rural Livelihoods Chapter 8
Urban LivelihoodsUrban Livelihoods Class 6 Notes Civics Chapter 9NCERT Solutions Urban Livelihoods Chapter 9

Science Olympiad Syllabus

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Class 1Science Olympiad Syllabus for Class 1Class 9Science Olympiad Syllabus for Class 9 (Physics)
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Class 6Science Olympiad Syllabus for Class 6Class 11Science Olympiad Syllabus for Class 11(Physics)
Class 7Science Olympiad Syllabus for Class 7Class 11Science Olympiad Syllabus for Class 11 (Chemistry)
Class 8Science Olympiad Syllabus for Class 8 (Biology)Class 11Science Olympiad Syllabus for Class 11 (Biology)
Class 8Science Olympiad Syllabus for Class 8 (Physics)Class 12Science Olympiad Syllabus for Class 12 (Chemistry)
Class 8Science Olympiad Syllabus for Class 8 (Chemistry)Class 12Science Olympiad Syllabus for Class 12 (Biology)
Class 9Science Olympiad Syllabus for Class 9 (Biology)Class 12Science Olympiad Syllabus for Class 12 (Physics)

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