This chapter explains iron tools and agriculture, steps to increase production, lifestyle of the people living in villages. Students will also know the stories, travellers, sculpture and archaeology of cities. By reading this chapter, they will understand that wealth was measured in terms of coins. The chapter ends with a closer look at Arikamedu.NCERT Solutions For Class 6 History Social Science Chapter 8

NCERT Solutions For Class 6 History Social Science Chapter 8 Vital Villages, Thriving Towns

Download NCERT Solutions Class 6 all subjects

Download Class 6 all subjects notes

Q.1 Fill in the blanks:

  1. _______ was a word used for large landowners in Tamil
  2. The gramabhojaka often got his land cultivated by the_____
  3. Ploughmen were known as_____ in Tamil
  4. Most grihapatis were _____ landowners

Solution:

(a) Vellalar

(b) Slaves and workers.

(c) Uzhavar

(d) Smaller

Q.2 Describe the functions of the grambhojka. Why do you think he was powerful?

Solution: Gramabhojaka was the village headman, and at times happened to be the largest landowner too. He was a powerful personnel of the village who collected taxes from the villagers in the name of the king, functioned as a judge and enforced the law of the king in the village.

Q.3 List the crafts persons who would have been present in both villages and cities

Solution: Craftsmen such as blacksmith, weavers, carpenters and potters were present in both villages and cities. They played a crucial role in providing goods and services that ensured the smooth functioning of any settlement.

Q.4 Choose the correct answer:

(a) Ring wells were used for:

1. Bathing

2. Washing clothes

3. Irrigation

4. drainage

(b) Punch marked coins were made of:

1. Silver

2. Gold

3. Tin

4. Ivory

(c) Mathura was important:

1. Rulers

2. Craftspersons

3. Religious centre

4. Forested area

(d) Shrenis were associations of:

1. Rulers

2. Craftspersons

3. Farmers

4. Herders

Solution:

  1. Drainage

Archaeologists found rows of pots or ceramic rings arranged one on top of the other, known as ring wells. They were used as latrines in some cases, and also as drains and garbage dumps.

  • Silver

‘The punch-marked coins’ get its name from the designs on the coins that were punched on them. They are coins made out of materials like copper and silver.

  • Religious centre

Mathura has been an important settlement for more than 2500 years, with several shrines within the fortified city. There were Buddhist monasteries, Jain shrines and it was an important centre of worship for Lord Krishna.

  • Craftspersons

Shrenis was an association of craftsmen and merchants. These shrenis of craftspersons provided training, procured raw material and distributed the finished product.

Q.5 Which of the iron tools shown on page 79 (of the NCERT textbook) would have been important for agriculture? What would the other tools have been used for?

Solution: The iron tools on page 79 are tongs, axes and sickle as shown in the picture below respectively. Of these, sickle would have been used for agriculture, axe would have been important for chopping trees and to gather firewood and tongs would have been used by a blacksmith for making tools from hot iron.

Q.6 Compare the drainage system in your locality with that of the cities mentioned in the lesson. What similarities and differences do you notice?

Solution: The drainage system in our locality is the technologically advanced version of the drainage system used by past civilisations. In ancient times – mud bricks, ceramic and thatch were used to make them. The drawback was that the materials were not durable and would fall down with constant use. Today’s modern drainage systems are made of durable materials like concrete and metal. However, just like in the past, drainage is made by many rings which are stacked one over another. The rings are also made into a tube-like structure. These are the similarities we can notice today.

Q.7 If you have seen craftspersons at work, describe in a short paragraph what they do. (Hint: how do they get the raw materials, what kind of equipment do they use, how do they work, what happens to the finished product)

Solution: I have seen craftspeople like cobblers and carpenters in the cities and villages. Cobblers are a common sight and one could be found sitting at almost every corner in the city. They mend shoes by stitching the torn leather or pasting the flapping sole. In villages, they produce handmade shoes and slippers from leather to sell them locally or in urban markets for a good price.

Q.8 List the functions performed by men and women who live in your city or village. In what ways are these similar to those performed by people who lived in Mathura? In what ways are they different?

Solution: This project should be done under the supervision of your subject teacher.

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CBSE Notes for Class 6 Geography Free Download for All Chapters

Download PDF of NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Geography

Chapter NameCBSE Class 6 Geography Study NotesNCERT Solutions Download Class 6
The Earth in the Solar SystemThe Earth in the Solar System Class 6 Notes Geography Chapter 1NCERT Solutions The Earth in the Solar System Chapter 1
Globe: Latitudes and LongitudesGlobe: Latitudes and Longitudes Class 6 Notes Geography Chapter 2NCERT Solutions Globe: Latitudes and Longitudes Chapter 2
Motions of the EarthMotions of the Earth Class 6 Notes Geography Chapter 3NCERT Solutions Motions of the Earth Chapter 3
MapsMaps Class 6 Notes Geography Chapter 4NCERT Solutions Maps Chapter 4
Major Domains of the EarthMajor Domains of the Earth Class 6 Notes Geography Chapter 5NCERT Solutions Major Domains of the Earth Chapter 5
Major Landforms of the EarthMajor Landforms of the Earth Class 6 Notes Geography Chapter 6NCERT Solutions Major Landforms of the Earth Chapter 6
Our Country – IndiaOur Country – India Class 6 Notes Geography Chapter 7NCERT Solutions Our Country – India Chapter 7
India: Climate, Vegetation and WildlifeIndia: Climate, Vegetation and Wildlife Class 6 Notes Geography Chapter 8NCERT Solutions India: Climate, Vegetation and Wildlife Chapter 8

CBSE Notes for Class 6 History Free Download for All Chapters

Download PDF of NCERT Solutions for Class 6 History

Chapter NameCBSE Class 6 History Study NotesNCERT Solutions Download Class 6
What, Where, How And When?What, Where, How And When? Class 6 Notes History Chapter 1NCERT Solutions What, Where, How And When? Chapter 1
From Gathering To Growing FoodFrom Gathering To Growing Food Class 6 Notes History Chapter 2NCERT Solutions From Gathering To Growing Food Chapter 2
In The Earliest CitiesIn The Earliest Cities Class 6 Notes History Chapter 3NCERT Solutions In The Earliest Cities Chapter 3
What Books And Burials Tell UsWhat Books And Burials Tell Us Class 6 Notes History Chapter 4NCERT Solutions What Books And Burials Tell Us Chapter 4
Kingdoms, Kings And An Early RepublicKingdoms, Kings And An Early Republic Class 6 Notes History Chapter 5NCERT Solutions Kingdoms, Kings And An Early Republic Chapter 5
New Questions And IdeasNew Questions And Ideas Class 6 Notes History Chapter 6NCERT Solutions New Questions And Ideas Chapter 6
Ashoka, The Emperor Who Gave Up WarAshoka, The Emperor Who Gave Up War Class 6 Notes History Chapter 7NCERT Solutions Ashoka, The Emperor Who Gave Up War Chapter 7
Vital Villages, Thriving TownsVital Villages, Thriving Towns Class 6 Notes History Chapter 8NCERT Solutions Vital Villages, Thriving Towns Chapter 8
Traders, Kings And PilgrimsTraders, Kings And Pilgrims Class 6 Notes History Chapter 9NCERT Solutions Traders, Kings And Pilgrims Chapter 9
New Empires And KingdomsNew Empires And Kingdoms Class 6 Notes History Chapter 10NCERT Solutions New Empires And Kingdoms Chapter 10
Buildings, Paintings And BooksBuildings, Paintings And Books Class 6 Notes History Chapter 11NCERT Solutions Buildings, Paintings And Books Chapter 11
   

CBSE Notes for Class 6 Civics Free Download for All Chapters

Download PDF of NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Civics

Chapter NameCBSE Class 6 Civics Study NotesNCERT Solutions Download Class 6
Understanding DiversityUnderstanding Diversity Class 6 Notes Civics Chapter 1NCERT Solutions Understanding Diversity Chapter 1
Diversity and DiscriminationDiversity and Discrimination Class 6 Notes Civics Chapter 2NCERT Solutions Diversity and Discrimination Chapter 2
What is Government?What is Government? Class 6 Notes Civics Chapter 3NCERT Solutions What is Government? Chapter 3
Key Elements of a Democratic GovernmentKey Elements of a Democratic Government Class 6 Notes Civics Chapter 4NCERT Solutions Key Elements of a Democratic Government Chapter 4
Panchayati RajPanchayati Raj Class 6 Notes Civics Chapter 5NCERT Solutions Panchayati Raj Chapter 5
Rural AdministrationRural Administration Class 6 Notes Civics Chapter 6NCERT Solutions Rural Administration Chapter 6
Urban AdministrationUrban Administration Class 6 Notes Civics Chapter 7NCERT Solutions Urban Administration Chapter 7
Rural LivelihoodsRural Livelihoods Class 6 Notes Civics Chapter 8NCERT Solutions Rural Livelihoods Chapter 8
Urban LivelihoodsUrban Livelihoods Class 6 Notes Civics Chapter 9NCERT Solutions Urban Livelihoods Chapter 9
NCERT Solutions For Class 6 History Social Science Chapter 8

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