CBSE Class 6 Maths Syllabus
The table below shows the chapter names and topics under each chapter. Students can find all these chapters in NCERT Class 6 Maths textbook. It is recommended that students study from the NCERT textbook as it follows the CBSE pattern and covers the entire syllabus.CBSE Class 6 Maths Syllabus 2020 -21
Also, the annual exam question paper is prepared from NCERT textbooks. In the table below we have given the links to some of the topics.
|Chapter 1: Knowing Our Numbers||1.1 Introduction 1.2 Comparing Numbers 1.3 Large Numbers in Practice 1.4 Using Brackets 1.5 Roman Numerals|
|Chapter 2: Whole Numbers||2.1 Introduction 2.2 Whole Numbers 2.3 The Number Line 2.4 Properties Of Whole Numbers 2.5 Patterns in Whole Numbers|
|Chapter 3: Playing With Numbers||3.1 Introduction 3.2 Factors and Multiples 3.3 Prime and Composite Numbers 3.4 Test For Divisibility Of Number 3.5 Common Factors and Common Multiples 3.6 Some More Divisibility Rules 3.7 Prime Factorisation 3.8 Highest Common Factor 3.9 Lowest Common Multiple 3.10 Some Problems on HCF and LCM|
|Chapter 4: Basic Geometrical Ideas||4.1 Introduction 4.2 Points 4.3 A Line Segment 4.4 A line 4.5 Intersecting Lines 4.6 Parallel Lines 4.7 Ray 4.8 Curves 4.9 Polygons 4.10 Angles 4.11 Triangles 4.12 Quadrilaterals 4.13 Circles|
|Chapter 5: Understanding Elementary Shapes||5.1 Introduction 5.2 Measuring Line Segments 5.3 Angles-’Right’ and ‘Straight’ 5.4 Angles- ‘Acute’, ‘Obtuse’ and ‘Reflex’ 5.5 Measuring Angles 5.6 Perpendicular Lines 5.7 Classification of Triangles 5.8 Quadrilaterals 5.9 Polygons 5.10 Three Dimensional Shapes|
|Chapter 6: Integers||6.1 Introduction 6.2 Integers 6.3 Addition of Integers 6.4 Subtraction of Integers with the help of a Number Line|
|Chapter 7: Fractions||7.1 Introduction 7.2 A Fraction 7.3 Fraction on the Number Line 7.4 Proper Fractions 7.5 Improper and Mixed Fractions 7.6 Equivalent Fractions 7.7 Simplest Form of a Fraction 7.8 Like Fractions 7.9 Comparing Fractions 7.10 Addition and Subtraction of Fractions|
|Chapter 8: Decimals||8.1 Introduction 8.2 Tenths 8.3 Hundredths 8.4 Comparing Decimals 8.5 Using Decimals 8.6 Addition of Numbers with Decimals 8.7 Subtraction of Decimals|
|Chapter 9: Data Handling||9.1 Introduction 9.2 Recording Data 9.3 Organisation of Data 9.4 Pictograph 9.5 Interpretation of a Pictograph 9.6 Drawing a Pictograph 9.7 A Bar Graph|
|Chapter 10: Mensuration||10.1 Introduction 10.2 Perimeter 10.3 Area|
|Chapter 11: Algebra||11.1 Introduction 11.2 Matchstick Patterns 11.3 The Idea Of A Variable 11.4 More Matchstick Patterns 11.5 More Examples of Variables 11.6 Use Of Variables in Common Rules 11.7 Expressions with Variables 11.8 Using Expressions Practically 11.9 What is an Equation? 11.10 Solution of an Equation|
|Chapter 12: Ratio and Proportion||12.1 Introduction 12.2 Ratio 12.3 Proportion 12.4 Unitary Method|
|Chapter 13: Symmetry||13.1 Introduction 13.2 Making Symmetric Figures : Ink-blot Devils 13.3 Figures With Two Lines of Symmetry 13.4 Figures with Multiple Lines of Symmetry 13.5 Reflection and Symmetry|
|Chapter 14: Practical Geometry||14.1 Introduction 14.2 The Circle 14.3 A Line Segment 14.4 Perpendiculars 14.5 Angles|
Chapter : 1 – Knowing Our Numbers
A number is a mathematical value used to count and measure different objects. With the help of the numbers we all are able to add, subtract, divide and multiple. Here we will be learning how to compare numbers, expand the number and also learn about the largest and the smallest numbers.
Roman numerals and the Hindu-Arabic numeral system are the two different types of number system used for writing numbers in many places. We all can see the roman numerals in clocks, page numbers, school timetable in syllabus page, etc.
Chapter : 2 – Whole Numbers
We have learned about the natural numbers from 1 to 10. Whole numbers are the set natural numbers including with zero. 0 is the smallest whole number. Whole numbers are 0, 1, 2, 3, ……… All-natural numbers are whole numbers, but all whole numbers are not natural numbers
Chapter : 3 – Playing with Numbers
A number is defined as an arithmetical value, expressed by a word, symbol, and figures. These numbers can be written in single digits, double digits, three-digits in the generalized form.
Types of Numbers
A number system is a system of writing for expressing numbers. According to the number system, the different types of a number includes:
- Prime numbers
- Even numbers
- Odd numbers
- Whole numbers
- Natural numbers
- Composite number
Chapter : 4 – Basic Geometrical Ideas
Basic geometrical ideas class 6 notes covers all the important concepts included in this chapter along with examples and practice questions. These CBSE class 6 chapter 4 notes will not only help the students to learn the concepts more easily but will also help them to revise this chapter more effectively.
In this chapter, several important geometric terms are included which hold extreme importance in the later grades. The topics that are introduced not only will help students to build a foundation in geometry but will also help them to grasp the higher-level concepts in the later grades easily.
The main topics covered here are-
- Basic Definitions in Geometry
- About Circles
Chapter : 5 – Understanding Elementary Shapes
Understanding elementary shapes class 6 notes is one of the handiest resources for the students studying in CBSE class 6. These notes are given in a simple and concise way and are easily understandable. These chapter 5 maths notes will not only help class 6 students to learn various important topics from this chapter easily but will also help them to revise efficiently.
This chapter mostly deals with the measuring of line segments, about angles and its types, about triangles and their classifications, polygons, quadrilaterals, and solid shapes.
Chapter : 6 – Integers
- Whole numbers include zero and all natural numbers i.e. 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, and so on.
- The numbers with a negative sign and which lies to the left of zero on the number line are called negative numbers.
- The number zero means an absence of value.
- Collection of all positive and negative numbers including zero are called integers. ⇒ Numbers …, – 4, – 3, – 2, – 1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, … are integers.
Chapter : 7 – Fractions
A fraction is defined as a part of a whole number. It can be expressed as a ratio between two integers separated by a solidus. The number in the upper part of a fraction is termed as numerator whereas the number in the lower part is termed as the denominator. For example, let us consider a fraction 3/12 where,
- 3 is the numerator
- 12 is the denominator
- It is read as three-twelfths
Chapter : 8 – Decimals
The numbers used to represent numbers smaller than unit 1 are called decimal numbers. The decimal point or the period plays a significant part in a Decimal Number. This period separates the fractional part and whole number part in a decimal number. Place value of a digit can be defined as the value of a digit as per the place of that digit in a number.
Chapter : 9 – Data Handling
You unconsciously see and use data in your day to day life.
What is Data?
Data is a collection of information gathered by observations, measurements, research or analysis. They may consist of facts, numbers, names, figures or even description of things. Data is organized in the form of graphs, charts or tables. There exist data scientists who do data mining and with the help of that data analyse our world.
Chapter : 10 – Mensuration
Mensuration is a branch of mathematics which is a topic in Geometry. It is a study of various geometrical shapes, their length, breadth, volume, and area for 2D as well as 3D shapes.
Chapter : 11 – Algebra
Algebra is a branch of mathematics that can substitute letters for numbers to find the unknown. It can also be defined as putting real-life variables into equations and then solving them. The word Algebra is derived from Arabic “al-jabr”, which means the reunion of broken parts.
Chapter : 12 – Ratio and Proportion
Mathematical numbers used in comparing two things which are similar to each other in terms of units are ratios. A ratio can be written in three different ways viz, x to y, x: y and x/y but read as the ratio of x to y.
- The ratio of 4 to 5 is 4: 5.
- Ram’s weight is 40 kgs and Ali’s weight is 80 kgs. To find out the ratio of Ram’s weight to Ali’s weight we need to divide Ram’s weight to Ali’s weight. Therefore, the ratio between Ram’s and Ali’s weight is 40/80 = 1:2.
Comparing things similar to each other is the concept of ratio. And when two ratios are the same, they are said to be in proportion to each other. It is represented by the symbol ‘::’ or ‘=’.
Chapter : 13 – Symmetry
The symmetry of an object is defined as one half of the object is a mirror image of the other half. When an object is split into half, both the sides are exactly the same. The line which divides them is called the line of symmetry. One simple example is reflection symmetry. The object can be divided into one or more than one line of symmetry.
Chapter : 14 – Practical Geometry
Practical geometry is an important branch of geometry which deals with the study of the size, positions, shapes as well as dimensions of objects.
Whether you have to draw a line segment or measure it, draw a circle or arcs, draw an angle, etc. It can easily be possible with the help of geometrical tools. Let us discuss the various geometrical instruments used in practical geometry.
|Name of Geometrical tool||Use of Geometrical tool|
|Protractor||Measure as well as draw angles.|
|Set Squares||To draw parallel and perpendicular lines.|
|Compass||To draw circles, arcs, and to mark equal lengths.|
|Ruler||To measure lengths of the line segment and to draw a line segment.|