A globe is a spherical model of Earth. It serves purposes similar to some maps. A model globe of Earth is called a terrestrial globe. A model globe of the celestial sphere is called a celestial globe. NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Geography Chapter 2 Globe Latitudes and Longitudes

 Latitude is a measurement on a globe or map of location north or south of the Equator. It is measured starting from an imaginary north-south line called the Prime Meridian. Longitude is a measurement of location east or west of the prime meridian at Greenwich. Latitude is an angle, which ranges from 0° at the Equator to 90° at the poles. 

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Geography Chapter 2 Globe Latitudes and Longitudes

1. Answer the following questions briefly.

(a) What is the true shape of the earth?

Sol :

The earth is not a perfect sphere. It is slightly flattened at the North and the South Poles and bulges in the middle.

(b) What is a globe?

Sol :

Globe is a miniature form of the Earth.

(c) What is the latitudinal value of the Tropic of Cancer?

Sol :

The latitudinal value of the Tropic of Cancer is 23½° N.

(d) What are the three heat zones of the Earth?

Sol :

The three heat zones of the Earth are:

  1. Torrid Zone
  2. Temperate Zone
  3. Frigid Zone

(e) What are the parallels of latitude and meridians of longitude?

Sol :

All parallel circles from the equator to the poles are called parallels of latitudes. The lines of reference running from the North Pole to the South Pole are called meridians of longitude.

(f) Why does the torrid zone receive a maximum amount of heat?

Sol :

The torrid zone receives the maximum amount of heat, because it is present between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn. The sun is exactly over the head once a year, on all the latitudes between these two tropics.

(g) Why is it 5.30 p.m. in India and 12.00 noon in London?

Sol :

India is located east of Greenwich at 82°30’E. It is 5 hours and 30 minutes ahead of GMT. So, it will be 5:30 p.m. in India, when it is 12:00 noon in London.

2. Tick the correct answers.

(a) The value of the prime meridian is

(i) 90°

(ii) 0°

(iii) 60°

Sol : (ii) 0°

(b) The frigid zone lies near

(i) the Poles

(ii) the Equator

(iii) the Tropic of Cancer

Sol : (i) the Poles

(c) The total number of longitudes are

(i) 360

(ii) 180

(iii) 90

Sol : (ii) 360°

(d) The Antarctic Circle is located in

(i) the Northern hemisphere

(ii) the Southern hemisphere

(iii) the Eastern hemisphere

Sol : (ii) the Southern hemisphere

(e) Grid is a network of

(i) parallels of latitudes and meridians of longitude

(ii) the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn

(iii) the North Pole and the South Pole

Sol : (i) parallels of latitudes and meridians of longitude

3. Fill in the blanks.

(a) The Tropic of Capricorn is located at _________________.

Sol : The Tropic of Capricorn is located at 23½° S.

(b) The Standard Meridian of India is ____________________.

Sol : The Standard Meridian of India is 82½° E Longitude.

(c) The 0° Meridian is also known as ____________________.

Sol : The 0° Meridian is also known as Prime Meridian.

(d) The distance between the longitudes decreases towards___________.

Sol : The distance between the longitudes decreases towards the poles.

(e) The Arctic Circle is located in the ____________ hemisphere.

Sol : The Arctic Circle is located in the northern hemisphere.

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CBSE Notes for Class 6 Geography Free Download for All Chapters

Download PDF of NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Geography

Chapter NameCBSE Class 6 Geography Study NotesNCERT Solutions Download Class 6
The Earth in the Solar SystemThe Earth in the Solar System Class 6 Notes Geography Chapter 1NCERT Solutions The Earth in the Solar System Chapter 1
Globe: Latitudes and LongitudesGlobe: Latitudes and Longitudes Class 6 Notes Geography Chapter 2NCERT Solutions Globe: Latitudes and Longitudes Chapter 2
Motions of the EarthMotions of the Earth Class 6 Notes Geography Chapter 3NCERT Solutions Motions of the Earth Chapter 3
MapsMaps Class 6 Notes Geography Chapter 4NCERT Solutions Maps Chapter 4
Major Domains of the EarthMajor Domains of the Earth Class 6 Notes Geography Chapter 5NCERT Solutions Major Domains of the Earth Chapter 5
Major Landforms of the EarthMajor Landforms of the Earth Class 6 Notes Geography Chapter 6NCERT Solutions Major Landforms of the Earth Chapter 6
Our Country – IndiaOur Country – India Class 6 Notes Geography Chapter 7NCERT Solutions Our Country – India Chapter 7
India: Climate, Vegetation and WildlifeIndia: Climate, Vegetation and Wildlife Class 6 Notes Geography Chapter 8NCERT Solutions India: Climate, Vegetation and Wildlife Chapter 8

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From Gathering To Growing FoodFrom Gathering To Growing Food Class 6 Notes History Chapter 2NCERT Solutions From Gathering To Growing Food Chapter 2
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CBSE Notes for Class 6 Civics Free Download for All Chapters

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Chapter NameCBSE Class 6 Civics Study NotesNCERT Solutions Download Class 6
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Diversity and DiscriminationDiversity and Discrimination Class 6 Notes Civics Chapter 2NCERT Solutions Diversity and Discrimination Chapter 2
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Key Elements of a Democratic GovernmentKey Elements of a Democratic Government Class 6 Notes Civics Chapter 4NCERT Solutions Key Elements of a Democratic Government Chapter 4
Panchayati RajPanchayati Raj Class 6 Notes Civics Chapter 5NCERT Solutions Panchayati Raj Chapter 5
Rural AdministrationRural Administration Class 6 Notes Civics Chapter 6NCERT Solutions Rural Administration Chapter 6
Urban AdministrationUrban Administration Class 6 Notes Civics Chapter 7NCERT Solutions Urban Administration Chapter 7
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